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Sunday, September 13, 2015

Single Plural of Nouns

In general the plural of a noun is formed by adding -S to the noun.
Singular
Plural
car
cars
house
houses
book
books
bird
birds
pencil
pencils

However:
1. When the noun ends in SS, SH, CH or X, we add -ES to the noun.
Singular
Plural
kiss
kisses
wish
wishes
match
matches
box
boxes
fox
foxes
  • I have a box in my bedroom.
  • I have three boxes in my bedroom.

2. When the noun ends in a VOWEL + Y, we add -S to the noun.
Singular
Plural
boy
boys
holiday
holidays
key
keys
guy
guys


3. When the noun ends in a CONSONANT + Y, we remove Y and add -IES to the noun.

Singular

Plural
party
parties
lady
ladies
story
stories
nanny
nannies
city
cities

4. If the noun ends in F or FE, we remove the F/FE and add -VES to the noun.
Singular
Plural
life
lives
leaf
leaves
thief
thieves
wife
wives

5. If the noun ends in IS, we change it to ES.
Singular
Plural
analysis
analyses
basis
bases
crisis
crises

6. There are a number of nouns that don't follow these rules. They are irregular and you need to learn them individually because they don't normally have an S on the end.
Singular
Plural
man
men
woman
women
child
children
foot
feet
tooth
teeth
goose
geese
mouse
mice
  • There is a child in the park.
  • There are many children in the park.

7. There are some nouns in English that are the same in the singular and the plural.
Singular
Plural
fish
fish
sheep
sheep
deer
deer
moose
moose
aircraft
aircraft
  • I can see a sheep in the field.
  • I can see ten sheep in the field.

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